This elegantly presented collection of Old Norse poetry tells tales of gods, heroes and monsters, war, folly and deceit.
The Wanderer & Other Old-English Poems
Illustrated by Alan Lee
Introduced by Michael Alexander
Foreword by Bernard O'Donoghue
Translated by Michael Alexander
Limited to 750 copies numbered and signed by Alan Lee
Lavishly ornamented and illustrated by Alan Lee. The Old English texts and their translations by Michael Alexander are set on facing pages for ease of reading.
Translated and introduced by Michael Alexander
Newly commissioned foreword by Bernard O’Donoghue
Set in 15-point Arcadian Bembo and printed on cream wove paper
Eight colour plates by Alan Lee, printed on Art paper and tipped into decorative borders
Numerous other drawings and borders integrated with the text and printed in dove grey
Limitation certificate printed letterpress by The Logan Press on Tintoretto paper, signed and numbered by the artist
Quarter-bound in goatskin with blind and silver blocking on the spine. Boards printed and blocked with designs by the artist
Endpapers printed with a design by the artist
Top edge gilded in gunmetal foil, ribbon marker
244 pages. Book size: 13¼˝ x 9½˝
Presented in a clothbound slipcase blocked in silver on the front board
The Wanderer and The Seafarer
The Wife’s Lament
The Husband’s Message
Wulf and Eadwacer
The Fight at Finnsburgh
The Battle of Brunanburgh
The Battle of Maldon
The Dream of the Rood
The Exeter Riddles
Old english poetry
Over 1000 years ago, the visionary Anglo-Saxon ruler Alfred the Great strived to replace Latin with English as the principal language of his kingdom. Verse in the vernacular flourished and, at the turn of the 11th century, monastic scribes wrote down these innovative oral compositions creating the first literature in English. Just decades later, William the Conqueror’s Norman invasion transformed the linguistic landscape of England so dramatically that, before long, these verses had become the unreadable remnants of an extinct language. One of the greatest collections of Anglo-Saxon poetry – the Exeter Book – was dismissed in an early 14th century inventory as ‘worthless’, and used as a beermat and chopping board, its vellum pages stained, sliced and singed.
After centuries of neglect and ill-treatment, the tattered remains of this Old English literature were finally recovered in the 19th century. The tiny handful of preserved manuscripts were transcribed, edited and translated by pioneering scholars, attracted by their historical value and their heroic and ‘Romantic’ qualities. Since then, these miraculous survivors have been acknowledged as the earliest known masterpieces of English poetry, influencing and inspiring writers as varied as William Morris and Ezra Pound, Alfred Tennyson and J. R. R. Tolkien. Shafts of light illuminating a dark age, they give a unique insight into the Anglo-Saxon world, over-shadowed by Roman ruins and embattled by Viking incursions, torn between pagan fatalism and Christian hope.
No man blessed
with a happy land-life is like to guess
how I, aching-hearted, on ice-cold seas
have wasted whole winters
- From The Seafarer
One of the most striking features of Old English poetry is its directness. Its narrators frequently address us in the first person, sharing deep truths drawn from lived experience, and exploring a remarkable range of subjects and emotions: the loneliness of the exile, cut adrift from his lord, and of the sailor, lured from the comforts of civilisation by the call of the sea; the yearning for a lost Golden Age provoked by an encounter with monumental ruins; and the bitterness of a loyal wife, alienated from her husband by false accusations. Epic accounts of resounding victory in battle and heroic defeat at the hands of marauding invaders sit alongside an ecstatic description of Christ’s crucifixion, narrated by the Cross itself; pithy proverbs and delightfully tantalising riddles follow musings on the fate of the successful – and the unsuccessful – poet.
There’s a vitality to these poems, written as they were at a time when life was so much more embattled, more desperate and fragile
- Bernard O’Donoghue
An excellent reading edition
Michael Alexander first started producing his masterful translations of Old English verse nearly sixty years ago. His anthologies have achieved classic status, winning praise from Ted Hughes, W. H. Auden and Seamus Heaney, and bringing Old English literature to an audience of millions. To match the unique force of the original texts, Alexander’s poetic renderings adhere to the characteristic Old English metre – unrhymed lines with four stressed syllables, linked by a strict pattern of internal alliteration. At the same time, his goal of ‘fidelity’ rather than accuracy allows him to capture the spirit, as well as the meaning of these poems, giving a powerful sense that we are hearing them as if performed aloud for the very first time.
This parallel edition presents the Old English texts and their translations on facing pages, giving lay-readers the flavour of the original language, and scholars the chance to admire Alexander’s skill. It also includes his detailed historical introduction, introductions to the individual poems, scholarly notes, proposed answers to the riddles, suggestions for further reading, a short explanation of runes, and a comprehensive glossary. This highly informative text is complemented by a specially commissioned foreword from Bernard O’Donoghue, winner of the 1995 Whitbread prize for Poetry, who has described the Old English elegies as his ‘model for the perfectly formed lyric poem’.
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